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What State Has The Cheapest Taxes

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Combined Sales And Income Tax Leaders

Which states have the highest and lowest taxes?

The Tax Foundation interprets individual tax burden by what taxpayers actually spend in local and state taxes, rather than report these expenses from the state revenue perspective used by the Census Bureau. Its 2020 State and Local Tax Burden Rankings study reported that Americans paid an average rate of 9.9% in state and local taxes.

According to the foundation, the top five states with the highest state and local tax combinations are:

  • New York 12.7%
  • Illinois 11.0%
  • California and Wisconsin 11.0%

The same states have ranked as the top three consistently since 2005, according to the foundation.

Although taxes may not be the first thing you consider when deciding where to live, knowing the tax situations of the locations you’re considering for a move could help you save in the long-run, especially when retiring.

Us Cities With The Highest Property Taxes

Depending on local tax rates and home values, property taxes can account for a substantial portion of housing costs. According to the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the median annual property tax paid by homeowners was $2,578 in 2019, or 1.03 percent of home value, but many households pay far more than this. Further, beginning in 2018, the SALT tax cap began limiting the amount of state and local taxes that could be deducted against federal income taxes. Consequently, living in a high-tax state has become increasingly more expensive.

Census Bureau data shows that in aggregate, property taxes are the biggest source of tax revenue for state and local governments. Nationally, state and local property taxes totaled $617 billion in 2019, or 39 percent of total state and local government tax revenue. Property tax revenue amounted to $159 billion more than the next largest state and local government tax revenue source, individual income taxes.

Property tax rates vary widely by location, making some parts of the U.S. far more expensive to live. While property taxes are levied in different ways based on local and state laws, a helpful way to compare tax burdens across locations is to calculate an effective property tax rate by dividing the total property taxes paid by the aggregate value of homes in a given area.


Trying to find an attractive real estate market for investment properties? Here are some of the best cities to consider investing in real estate.

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To determine the states with the highest and lowest property taxes, personal finance site WalletHub compared all 50 states and the District of Columbia, using U.S. Census Bureau data.

The median real-estate tax payment was divided by the median home price in each state. The resulting rates were then used to obtain the dollar amount paid as real-estate tax on a house worth $217,500, the median value for a home in the U.S. as of 2019, according to the Census Bureau.

Surprisingly, one of the most expensive states to live has the lowest effective real-estate tax rate: Hawaii, at 0.28%. Meanwhile, folks in some of the eastern states will not be surprised to learn they pay the highest rates.

Based on WalletHubs research, here are the property taxes by state, from lowest to highest.

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Thinking About Moving These States Have The Lowest Property Taxes

Depending on where you live, you can escape taxes like income tax and sales tax in the U.S. Property taxes, however, are not the same. And no matter where you settle down, youve got to cough up some amount come tax season.

That being said, you can minimize property taxes effect on your finances. Property tax rates vary significantly across the U.S., not just state-by-state, but county-by-county within states. In all calculations of property tax, the amount comes down to a percentage of your homes assessed value.

Keep reading to see how your states property taxes measure up against the cheapest rates in the U.S.

Ward County Texas: $457

Thinking About Moving? These States Have the Lowest ...

Organized in 1892 and named after Thomas William Peg Leg Ward, who was the second commissioner of the General Land Office and the three-time mayor of Austin, Ward County is home to about 11,500 people. Mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction are among this countys largest industries. The median property value in Ward County falls around $85,600 putting the average tax payment at $457. Ward Countys average effective property tax rate is 0.53%.

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Looking To Move 5 States With The Lowest Overall Taxes In America

Which states have the highest and lowest taxes? Ahead of the tax filing deadline in the spring, the website of Intuits Turbotax looked at that question.

A myriad of taxes such as property, license, state and local sales, inheritance, estate, and excise taxes can eat away at your income. Often, the biggest tax ticket citizens face after paying the Internal Revenue Service is the one their state presents. As a result, identifying the states with the lowest taxes might be a smart financial move to make, the report said.

Turbotax, citing the Tax Foundation, reported that there are currently seven states Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming that have no state income tax, while two more Tennessee and New Hampshire only tax dividend and interest income, and not wages.

The site did caution, however, that low tax rates can be misleading, because of deductions.

WalletHub, in a separate survey, looked at the overall tax burden by state.

It found that Alaska has the lowest burden of all, at 5.10 percent, with a property tax burden of 3.68 percent, no state income tax, and a 1.42 percent total sales and excise tax burden.

Second was Tennessee, with a total burden of 5.74 percent. This includes a 1.7 percent property tax burden, an 0.08 percent state income tax, and 3.96 percent total sales and excise tax burden.

States With The Lowest Taxes And The Highest Taxes


Where you live can help or hinder your ability to make ends meet. A myriad of taxesproperty, license, state and local sales, property, inheritance, estate and excise taxes on gasolineeat away at your disposable income. Weighing the tax landscape against your financial picture lets you stretch your dollars. Here’s a roundup of the highest and lowest taxes by state.

“Location, location, location” is a focus that applies to more than just housing. Where you live can help or hinder your ability to make ends meet.

A myriad of taxes such as property, license, state and local sales, inheritance, estate, and excise taxes can eat away at your income. Often, the biggest tax ticket citizens face after paying the Internal Revenue Service is the one their state presents. As a result, identifying the states with the lowest taxes might be a smart financial move to make.

Currently, 41 states and the District of Columbia levy a personal income tax. Weighing the tax landscape against your financial picture could help you stretch your dollars further.

Read Also: How Can I Make Payments For My Taxes

States With The Lowest Property Taxes

Heres the moment youve been waiting for: the big reveal of the 10 states with the lowest property tax rates! If you own property, then youll know the pain of having had to pay property taxes every year. However, if you own property in one of the states listed below, this annual expense is less of a burden. If youre thinking about buying real estate, you might consider investing in real estate in one of the following states, even if you dont plan to live there.

  • Hawaii: 0.30%

  • Pennsylvania: 1.58%

  • Who Sets Home Value

    Report: Nevada has one of lowest tax rates in country

    Now, youre probably wondering who exactly determines why person A and person B in the example above paid what they did in property taxes last year.

    The entities that set home values in each state are tax assessors. They are typically government agents who value your property every one to five years. They will look at other similar properties in your market and compare recent sales prices to determine your propertys value. Unique formulas are also involved, and as you might imagine, this involves a lot of complicated math.

    You can expect your tax bill to go up if you add any value to your home, such as by adding a pool or building a second story. Most states offer an appeal process so that there is some recourse if you feel like your property value assessment is unfair or unreasonable.

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    Do You Have To Pay Taxes On Lottery Winnings In North Dakota

    Except for North Dakota lottery winnings, North Dakota income tax is not required by law to be withheld from gambling winnings in North Dakota. This differs from the treatment under federal income tax law where gambling establishments are required to withhold federal income tax from certain types of gambling winnings.

    Which State Has The Highest Tax Rate

    The jurisdiction with the highest tax rate on cigarettes is currently the District of Columbia at $4.98 for a pack of 20. New York and Connecticut are tied for second at $4.35/20-pack.

    Comparing tax rates for other tobacco products is difficult as some states levy a per unit rate and others take a percentage of wholesale or manufacturer prices.

    Vermont has one of the highest rates for cigars at 92% the wholesale price or up to $4.00 a cigar depending on the cigars category.

    One of the highest tax rates for moist snuff is in Massachusetts at 210% the manufacturers sale price. Connecticut is right up there at $3.00/oz. for snuff.

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    Local Sales Tax Rates

    The five states with the highest average local sales tax rates are Alabama , Louisiana , Colorado , New York , and Oklahoma .

    No states saw ranking changes of more than one place since January. Most states which saw improved rankings did so only in comparison to those that enacted more substantial local rate increases.

    Tampa and the rest of Hillsborough County, Florida, saw a non-legislative tax decrease in February, as the Florida Supreme Court ruled the countys 1 percent transportation surtax unconstitutional. The rate subsequently decreased from 8.5 percent to 7.5 percent, helping to drop the states standing from 22nd to 23rd highest.

    California moved in the opposite direction, going from 9th to 8th highest. This shift is largely due to sales tax increases in the Bay Area. San Francisco and San Jose both increased their sales taxes by 0.125 percentage points as a result of voter-approved measures, while many other jurisdictions in the areaincluding the counties of Alameda, San Mateo, and Santa Claralikewise saw increases. Sales taxes rose elsewhere in the state, including in West Hollywood, where voters approved an increase from 9.5 to 10.25 percent, which went into effect in February.

    When Do You Start Paying Property Taxes On A New Home

    State and Local Public Finance: Taxing Professional ...

    If you take out a mortgage to purchase your home, you will begin paying property taxes as a part of your closing costs. Your monthly mortgage payment will also include 1/12 of your estimated annual taxes, which will fund an escrow account that your lender will use to pay your property taxes each year. If you don’t need a loan, then you will likely pay your property taxes directly to your local tax agency once per year.

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    States With The Highest And Lowest Property Taxes

    Property tax falls under local, not state, jurisdiction. Median household property tax payments from analysis performed by the Tax Foundation as a percentage of median household income from the Census Bureau’s 2018 American Community Survey cites these as the counties with the most expensive property tax:

    • Essex County, New Jersey 16.86%
    • Passaic County, New Jersey 14.62%
    • Union County, New Jersey 12.70%

    These Louisiana parishes hold the least expensive spots for property tax as a percent of income:

    • Assumption Parish 0%
    • Vernon Parish 0.45%
    • Grant Parish 0.68%

    Louisiana carries some of the lowest property tax rates as a percentage of earned income because it offers a homestead exemption. This law allows the first $7,500 of assessed property values to forego having property taxes levied against them.

    For reference, assessed home values represent 1/10 of the home’s actual value. For example, a $100,000 home would have a $10,000 assessed value. Therefore, Louisiana’s homestead exemption allows the first $75,000 of home value not to count toward calculating your property tax bill, which goes a long way toward lowering the percentage of income that goes toward these taxes.

    Exemptions And Collecting Sales Tax

    Only seven states charge sales tax on food purchases. However, all seven states offer reductions in the amount of tax charged rather than exemptions. Sales tax is often charged at the point of purchase or sale. Service providers or merchants have the responsibility of collecting sales tax from buyers and submitting it to the state. The businesses are therefore required to be registered with the state agency for permits. The service providers within a state have an obligation to maintain a record of all sales tax collected and to make periodic payments to the government. A penalty including fines and the withdrawal of business permits is often imposed on service providers who fail to file tax returns or those who do so after the stipulated time.

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    Property Taxes By State

    The average property tax rate varies greatly from state to state. Using data from the National Association of Home Builders, we compiled an interactive map to compare property tax rates by state:

    Would your readers enjoy this interactive map of the states with the lowest property taxes? Click here for the embed code.

    < iframe title=”Property Tax Rates by State ” aria-label=”Map” id=”datawrapper-chart-X4sSt” scrolling=”no” frameborder=”0″ style=”width: 0 min-width: 100% !important border: none ” height=”632″ data-src=”” class=”lazyload” src=”data:image/gif base64,R0lGODlhAQABAAAAACH5BAEKAAEALAAAAAABAAEAAAICTAEAOw==”> < /iframe> < script type=”text/javascript”> !function}))} < /script>

    But dont mistake the tax rate for the total property taxes collected for the average homeowner or landlord. The property values in some states are much higher than others, which impacts the total property taxes paid by owners. Heres how the map looks when we rank states by the total amount of property taxes collected from the median property owner:

    Would your readers enjoy this interactive map comparing property taxes by state? Click here for the embed code.

    Remember, these only represent statewide averages. To better compare property taxes, you have to drill down to the county level, where property taxes are actually collected.

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    What Is Property Tax

    Property taxes are taxes paid by property owners. The owners can be individuals or legal entities, such as corporations or other types of businesses. The amount of tax to be paid is assessed by the local government where the property is located. Well talk about how the tax is calculated in the next section.

    Although property tax usually alludes to real estate, some states also assess property tax on other types of personal property, such as cars and boats. Property taxes are a key source of income for local governments. They are used to fund municipal projects such as schools, road improvements, parks and recreation, and public transportation.

    Residents Pay The Lowest Property Taxes In These States

    Property taxes levied on homeowners rose slightly in 2019 across most of the country.


    If your property taxes for 2019 were not as high as you anticipated, you were not alone. The average property tax bill of $3,561 for a single-family home in 2019 was up only 2% from the average property tax of $3,498 in 2018, based on data from ATTOM Data Solutions.

    The property tax analysis for more than 86 million single-family homes in the United States shows that property taxes levied on single family homes in 2019 totaled $306.4 billion, up 1% from $304.6 billion in 2018 and an average tax amount of $3,561 per home, an effective tax rate of 1.14%.

    The effective property tax rate is the percentage of a propertys value either its assessed value or in some cases its estimated market value paid in property taxes during a given year.

    The report analyzed property tax data collected from county tax assessor offices nationwide at the state, metro and county levels along with estimated market values of single-family homes calculated using an automated valuation model.

    Todd Teta, chief product officer for ATTOM Data Solutions, said that although property taxes levied on homeowners rose again in 2019 across most of the country, the nationwide increase was the smallest in the last three years. He called it a sign that cities, towns and counties are taking stronger steps to clamp down on how much they hit up property owners to support schools and local government services.


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